The Washing Away of Wrongs is a book about forensic medicine in ancient China. It is an important work in forensic medicine written by Song Ci during the Ming Dynasty. The book records his experiences and observations in forensic practice. Presented in the form of case studies, it introduces methods for investigating and autopsying various abnormal deaths and techniques for inferring causes of death based on corpse evidence and physical signs. It holds significant significance in developing and studying ancient forensic medicine, providing valuable references for subsequent forensic practices. "The Washing Away of Wrongs" is considered an important classic in Chinese forensic medicine.
“If the flesh has decomposed, it should be mentioned that the skeletal remains are exposed, and both the upper and lower parts of the body have undergone complete decomposition. Only minor areas show incomplete decomposition where the muscles and bones are connected. In such cases, it is impossible to determine whether the individual had any injuries during their lifetime, age, appearance, or the cause of death. A thorough manual examination should be conducted, checking for any signs of bone damage."
"Method of Blood Dripping Verification: If person A is the father or mother and their skeletal remains are available, how can person B verify the biological child? Let person B prick a drop of blood and drip it onto the skeletal remains. If the child is biologically related, the blood will seep into the bones; otherwise, it will not. This method is commonly known as "Blood Dripping Verification," which refers to this process."
"In order to examine a person who died in a fire, the initial inquiry should be directed at the reporting party. Questions should include the origin of the fire, the location of the person at the time of the fire, the reason for their presence there, and whether any attempts were made to rescue them during the fire. Additionally, it is important to investigate whether there were any conflicts or disputes involving the deceased. Only with substantial evidence can a thorough examination be conducted."
Song Ci was a Chinese physician, judge, forensic medical scientist, anthropologist, and writer of the Southern Song dynasty. He is most well known for being the world's first forensic entomologist, having recorded his experience examining bodies for judicial cases in the Collected Cases of Injustice Rectified (Xi Yuan Ji Lu).
During her studies, Frances Wong graduated from the University of Debrecen and developed a keen interest in anatomy. As a result, she translated the book "The Washing Away of Wrongs."